About Elyse Elyse Campus Cohen, a California-based artist who professionally goes simply by the name of Elyse, has gained an international reputation for her luminous watercolors, particularly her close-up, textured, dappled images of flowers. Innewly wed and living in Greenwich Village, she entered the workforce designing textiles. Later she focused on the design and manufacture of stained glass lighting fixtures and windows, drawing inspiration from Tiffany and Art Nouveau glass for pieces made in a New York factory she owned and operated for fifteen years. Elyse remained active as an oil painter, but when she moved to Florida in the early s she turned her focus to watercolor.
Hearst Communications Searching for an occupation, inHearst took over management of a newspaper, the San Francisco Examinerwhich his father received in as repayment for a gambling debt. A self-proclaimed populistHearst went on to publish stories of municipal and financial corruption, often attacking companies in which his own family held an interest.
Within a few years, his paper dominated the San Francisco market. New York Morning Journal[ edit ] Early in his career at the San Francisco Examiner, Hearst envisioned running a large newspaper chain, and "always knew that his dream of a nation-spanning, multi-paper news operation was impossible without a triumph in New York".
Outcaultthe inventor of color comics, and all of Pulitzer's Sunday staff as well. He was generous, paid more than his competitors, gave credit to his writers with page-one bylines, and was unfailingly polite, unassuming, "impeccably calm", and indulgent of "prima donnas, eccentrics, bohemians, drunks, or reprobates so long as they had useful talents".
Pulitzer's World had pushed the boundaries of mass appeal for newspapers through bold headlines, aggressive news gathering, generous use of cartoons and illustrations, populist politics, progressive crusades, an exuberant public spirit, and dramatic crime and human-interest stories.
Hearst's Journal used the same recipe for success, forcing Pulitzer to drop the price of the World from two cents to a penny. Soon the two papers were locked in a fierce, often spiteful competition for readers in which both papers spent large sums of money and saw huge gains in circulation.
Within a few months of purchasing the Journal, Hearst hired away Pulitzer's three top editors: Sunday editor Morrill Goddard, who greatly expanded the scope and appeal of the American Sunday newspaper, Solomon Carvalho, and a young Arthur Brisbanewho became managing editor of the Hearst newspaper empire, and a legendary columnist.
Contrary to popular assumption, they were not lured away by higher pay—rather, each man had grown tired of both the temperamental, domineering Pulitzer and the paranoid, back-biting office politics which he encouraged.
The Journal was a demanding, sophisticated paper by contemporary standards. They wore their feelings on their pages, believing it was an honest and wholesome way to communicate with readers. Hearst probably lost several million dollars in his first three years as publisher of the Journal actual figures are impossible to verify.
But the paper began turning a profit after it ended its fight with the World. Its coverage of that historic election was probably the most important of any newspaper in the country, attacking relentlessly the unprecedented role of money in the Republican campaign and the dominating role played by William McKinley 's political and financial manager, Mark Hannathe first national party 'boss' in American history.
Kenneth Whyte says that most editors of the time "believed their papers should speak with one voice on political matters", Hearst "helped to usher in the multi-perspective approach we identify with the modern op-ed page". Hearst fought hard against Wilsonian internationalism, the League of Nations, and the World Court, thereby appealing to an isolationist audience.
Indeed, the Journal and other New York newspapers were so one-sided and full of errors in their reporting that coverage of the Cuban crisis and the ensuing Spanish—American War is often cited as one of the most significant milestones in the rise of yellow journalism 's hold over the mainstream media.
Nevertheless, the Journal's crusade against Spanish rule in Cuba was not due to mere jingoism, although "the democratic ideals and humanitarianism that inspired their coverage are largely lost to history," as are their "heroic efforts to find the truth on the island under unusually difficult circumstances.
Supposedly Hearst responded, "Please remain. You furnish the pictures and I'll furnish the war.
In fact, their stories on the Cuban rebellion and Spain's atrocities on the island—many of which turned out to be untrue  —were motivated primarily by outrage at Spain's brutal policies on the island, which led to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of innocent Cubans.
The most well-known story involved the imprisonment and release of Cuban prisoner Evangelina Cisneros.
However New York's elites read other papers, such as the Times and Sun which were far more restrained. The Journal and the World were local papers oriented to a very large working class audience in New York City. They were not among the top ten sources of news in papers in other cities, and their stories simply did not make a splash outside New York City.
That is, war was declared by Congress because public opinion was sickened by the bloodshed, and because leaders like McKinley realized that Spain had lost control of Cuba. Two of the Journal's correspondents, James Creelman and Edward Marshall, were wounded in the fighting.William Randolph Hearst Sr.
(/ h ɜːr s t /; April 29, – August 14, ) was an American businessman, politician, and newspaper publisher who built the nation's largest newspaper chain and media company, Hearst Communications, and whose flamboyant methods of yellow journalism influenced the nation's popular media by emphasizing.
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The countdown to Christmas is on! Here are some of my favorite DIYs from years past, from decorations to wrapping ideas and more!! 1. DIY Plush Reindeer Head (above) 2.